The Precision Eugenics Initiative?

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In 1968, former President of both the American Eugenics Society and the Malthusian-eugenic Population Council, Frederick Osborne, wrote that “[e]ugenic goals are most likely to be attained under another name than eugenics.” Eugenics-by-another-name, or crypto-eugenics, have since been masked under the guises of many front operations, including the “family planning” and population control programs of the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation. Given several ties between the Gates Foundation and the Precision Medicine Initiative (PMI) Working Group, it appears that the genetic medicines to be researched and developed by the PMI may be couched in a crypto-eugenic agenda. Indeed, The PMI Working Group also has connections to corporations linked to the Nazi Eugenic Reich, such as Bayer and Merck.

The Roster:

[1] Susan Desmond-Hellmann:

As CEO of the Gates Foundation, Desmond-Hellmann has been the overseer of the foundation’s Malthusian-eugenic population control projects. As Chancellor of the University of California at San Francisco, Desmond-Hellmann helped build research partnerships between the university and Bayer pharmaceutical corporation, which experimented its pharmaceuticals on human test subjects at eugenic concentration camps such as Auschwitz and Mauthausen. In 1989, Desmond-Hellmann conducted HIV research for a study funded by the Rockefeller Foundation, which bankrolled American eugenics at Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory and Nazi eugenics at the Kaiser Wilhelm Institute for Anthropology, Human Heredity, and Eugenics.

[2] Karen B. DeSalvo:

As the Director of the Office of the National Coordinator for Health Information Technology (ONC), DeSalvo reports directly to the Secretary of Health and Human Services (HHS), Sylvia Matthews Burwell, who is a former President of the Gates Foundation’s Global Development Program. It should be noted that during the Ebola scare last year—a time when the Gates Foundation dumped “$50 million to support emergency response to Ebola”—Burwell ordered DeSalvo to temporarily step down from her ONC post to join the “HHS Ebola response team,” according to Healthcare IT News.

[3] Spero M. Manson:

Manson is a member of the Institute of Medicine, which is funded by the Gates Foundation. In 1996, the Institute of Medicine published a study entitled Contraceptive Research and Development: Looking to the Future. This study was commissioned as part of the Rockefeller Foundation’s “Contraception 21” initiative, which was part of a Malthusian-eugenic population control consortium that was orchestrated with the help of the United States Agency for International Development (USAID). It has been exposed through National Security Memorandum 200, otherwise known as “The Kissinger Report,” that the American government has used USAID to effectively coerce China and other countries into implementing Malthusian-eugenic population control programs. Indeed, NSA whistleblower Wayne Madsen has documented how USAID is a CIA front operation.

[4] P. Pearl O’Rourke:

As a Director of Partners HealthCare System, which is funded by the Gates Foundation, O’Rourke is also the Chair of the Partners Healthcare System ESCRO (Embryonic Stem Cell Research Oversight) Committee. According to the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation, which partners with the Institute of Medicine, O’Rourke also worked in China and Indonesia with Project HOPE, which states that it partners with USAID. It is worth noting that, during her Robert Wood Johnson Health Policy fellowship, O’Rourke worked for Senator Ted Kennedy, son of pro-Nazi bootlegger Joseph P. Kennedy.

[5] Sekar Kathiresan:

Kathiresan is a member of the Broad Institute, which is funded by the Gates Foundation. Broad Institute research is conducted in part by Kathiresan’s colleague, Edward Scolnik, who “served as president of Merck Research Laboratories; executive vice president for science and technology at Merck & Co., Inc.; executive director and vice president in the department of virus and cell biology and senior vice president for basic research at Merck Research Laboratories.” Merck is funded by the Gates Foundation, and it also partners with the foundation’s Malthusian-eugenic population control programs by providing discounted implantable contraceptives with the assistance of USAID. According to Dr. Leonard Horowitz, Merck “received a lion’s share of the Nazi war chest at the end of WWII” as well.

[6] Tony Coles:

Coles is “the founding investor, chairman and chief executive officer of Yumanity Therapeutics.” According to Yumanity’s corporate website, “Coles held a number of positions of increasing responsibility at Merck & Co., Inc.” Coles’ business partner at Yumanity, Susan Lindquist, was awarded the Otto Warburg Medal by the German Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology. The Otto Warburg Medal is named in honor of Federal Reserve Vice Governor Paul Warburg’s brother, Otto Heinrich Warburg. Otto “was a founding member and, until 1967, Director of the Kaiser Wilhelm Institute for Cell Physiology,” which was a satellite of the Kaiser Wilhelm Institute for Anthropology, Human Heredity, and Eugenics.

[7] Kathy Giusti:

Before founding the Multiple Myeloma Research Foundation, Giusti held “senior positions” at Merck and G.D. Searle: the corporation that created the first oral contraceptive Enovid, otherwise known as “the pill,” which was pushed by Margaret Sanger’s Malthusian-eugenic birth control movement. During Giusti’s time as an executive at Searle, it was “the pharmaceutical unit of Monsanto,” the corporation that manufactured Agent Orange, bovine growth hormone, and a myriad of genetically modified foods. According to the International Directory of Company Histories, Monsanto incorporated a joint chemical company with Bayer, a subsidiary of IG Farben which developed Zyklon B gas for Nazi eugenic murder. 

[8] Richard Lifton:

A Co-Chair of the PMI, “Lifton also chairs the Scientific Advisory Board of Merck, [and] the Medical Physiology Section of the National Academy of Sciences,” which has been funded by the Rockefeller and Gates Foundations. In addition, “[h]e serves on the Council of the Institute of Medicine” as well as on the Board of Scientific Counselors at the Broad Institute. With high-level positions at four institutions that are bankrolled by the Gates Foundation, Lifton is at the epicenter of Gates money. And as a Chair of the PMI, Lifton will be in a prime position to help mold the PMI in the image of his financial handlers.

In Closing:

Of the twenty-four Working Group members who are leading the PMI, eight of them (over 33%) have links to the Gates Foundation. It has been well documented that the Gates Foundation spends millions of dollars carrying on the Malthusian-eugenic population reduction activism of Bill’s father, William H. Gates Sr., who directed the William H. Gates Foundation. Between the years of 1998 and 2015, the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation poured at least $61,859,996 into the Population Council, which is a Malthusian-eugenic population control nonprofit that was created by John D. Rockefeller III. Just as the Rockefeller Foundation’s Social Darwinist corporate philanthropy fueled the genesis of global eugenics, so too is the Gates Foundation’s globalist philanthropy now steering crypto-eugenics into the twenty-first century. With the Gates Foundation so intertwined into the PMI Working Group, watchdogs will be keen to keep an eye on crypto-eugenicists bearing genetic-medical gifts.

 

References:

“About Kathy Giusti.” Multiple Myeloma Research Foundation. MMRF, n.d. Web. 30 June 2015. <http://www.themmrf.org/about-mmrf/mmrf-leadership/kathy-giusti/>.

“About Us: Leadership—Tony Coles, M.D., Chairman and Chief Executive Officer.” Yumanity Therapeutics. Yumanity Therapeutics, n.d. Web. 29 June 2015. <http://yumanity.com/leadership/>.

“About Us: Overview.” Yumanity Therapeutics. Yumanity Therapeutics, n.d. Web. 29 June 2015. <http://yumanity.com/about-us/>.

“About Us—2003: Pfizer and Pharmacia Merger.” Pfizer. Pfizer, 2015. Web. 30 June 2015. <http://www.pfizer.com/about/history/pfizer_pharmacia>.

Adams, Mike. “Sylvia Burwell, Replacement for Resigning Kathleen Sebelius, Ran Common Core, Bill Gates Vaccines and GMOs in Africa.” Natural News. Natural News, 11 Apr. 2014. Web. 29 June 2015. <http://www.naturalnews.com/044687_Sylvia_Burwell_Kathleen_Sebelius_Common_Core.html>.

“Agent Orange: Background on Monsanto’s Involvement.” Monsanto. Monsanto Company, 2015. Web. 30 June 2015. <http://www.monsanto.com/newsviews/pages/agent-orange-background-monsanto-involvement.aspx>.

Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation. “Broad Institute Grant: to Aid Drug Discovery and Vaccine Development to Accelerate the Eradication of Malaria.” Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation. Seattle: Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation, 28 Oct. 2010. Web. 29 June 2015. <http://www.gatesfoundation.org/How-We-Work/Quick-Links/Grants-Database/Grants/2010/10/OPP1023607>.

—. “Broad Institute Grant: to Better Prioritize Antimalarial Drug Candidates by Identifying Those Compounds That Inhibit the Efficacy of Drugs Used to Treat HIV and Tuberculosis (TB) When Administered to the Same Person Using an in Vitro Human Microliver Model.” Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation. Seattle: Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation, 10 Apr. 2013. Web. 29 June 2015. <http://www.gatesfoundation.org/How-We-Work/Quick-Links/Grants-Database/Grants/2013/04/OPP1086223>.

—. “Broad Institute Grant: to Engineer Bacterial Viruses to Deliver Enzymes That Can Be Designed to Degrade the Genome of Pathogenic Bacteria.” Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation. Seattle: Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation, 30 Sep. 2011. Web. 29 June 2015. <http://www.gatesfoundation.org/How-We-Work/Quick-Links/Grants-Database/Grants/2011/09/OPP1046282>.

—. “Broad Institute Grant: to Identify Novel/Unique Small Molecules from the Broad Institute’s Diversity-Oriented Synthesis (DOS) Library That Target the Malaria Parasite as Well as Ones That Target the Causative Agent of Tuberculosis.” Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation. Seattle: Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation, 8 Sep. 2011. Web. 29 June 2015. <http://www.gatesfoundation.org/How-We-Work/Quick-Links/Grants-Database/Grants/2011/09/OPP1032518>.

—. “Broad Institute Grant: to Identify Protein Biomarkers for Future Development into Rapid Diagnostic Tests to Distinguish Bacterial Pneumonia, Viral Pneumonia and Malaria in Children in Rural Africa Based on an Inexpensive Blood Test.” Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation. Seattle: Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation, 10 Nov. 2009. Web. 29 June 2015. <http://www.gatesfoundation.org/How-We-Work/Quick-Links/Grants-Database/Grants/2009/11/OPP50092>.

—. “Broad Institute Grant: to Obtain, and Make Immediately Available, Current and Accurate Ebola Virus Genetic Sequence to Help Ensure That Up-to-Date Information Is Available to Support the Global Efforts to Develop or Deploy Diagnostics, Therapeutics and Vaccines for the Current Ebola Epidemic.” Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation. Seattle: Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation, 8 Jan. 2015. Web. 29 June 2015. <http://www.gatesfoundation.org/How-We-Work/Quick-Links/Grants-Database/Grants/2015/01/OPP1123407>.

—. “Broad Institute Grant: for P. Falciparum Genetic Diversity: Drug, Vaccine, and Disease Severity Applications.” Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation. Seattle: Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation, 5 Feb. 2010. Web. 29 June 2015. <http://www.gatesfoundation.org/How-We-Work/Quick-Links/Grants-Database/Grants/2010/02/OPP1014533>.

—. “Broad Institute Grant: to Validate Novel Drug Discovery Tools to Serve as a Basis for a Comprehensive Chemigenomics Program.” Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation. Seattle: Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation, 21 Oct. 2013. Web. 29 June 2015. <http://www.gatesfoundation.org/How-We-Work/Quick-Links/Grants-Database/Grants/2013/10/OPP1084233>.

—. “Institute of Medicine Grant: to Conduct an Expert Consensus Process to Offer Conclusions and Recommendations on a Long Term Strategy for Responding to the Global HIV/AIDS Burden as It Is Projected to Be Manifest 10 to 15 Years in the Future.” Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation. Seattle: Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation, 28 Apr. 2010. Web. 29 June 2015. <http://www.gatesfoundation.org/How-We-Work/Quick-Links/Grants-Database/Grants/2010/04/OPP49964>.

—. “Institute of Medicine Grant: to Establish the Forum on Investing in Young Children Globally That Will Engage in Dialogue and Discussion to Connect the Best Science on How to Support Children’s Growth and Development.” Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation. Seattle: Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation, 24 Sep. 2014. Web. 29 June 2015. <http://www.gatesfoundation.org/How-We-Work/Quick-Links/Grants-Database/Grants/2013/09/OPP1084405>.

—. “Institute of Medicine Grant: to Help Support the Development of a Research Report on the Science of Children’s Development, Birth to Age 8, to Inform Policy and Practice.” Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation. Seattle: Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation, 11 Apr. 2013. Web. 29 June 2015. <http://www.gatesfoundation.org/How-We-Work/Quick-Links/Grants-Database/Grants/2013/04/OPP1088695>.

—. “Institute of Medicine Grant: to Support the Creation of a Comprehensive Report That Will Consist of a Rigorous Analysis of Options for Improving Governance and Finance for Matters of Global Health Security.” Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation. Seattle: Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation, 5 May 2015. Web. 29 June 2015. <http://www.gatesfoundation.org/How-We-Work/Quick-Links/Grants-Database/Grants/2015/05/OPP1130763>.

—. “Institute of Medicine Grant: to Support Six Public Workshops Over Three Years as Part of the Institute of Medicine Forum on Public-Private Partnerships for Global Health and Safety.” Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation. Seattle: Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation, 24 Sep. 2014. Web. 29 June 2015. <http://www.gatesfoundation.org/How-We-Work/Quick-Links/Grants-Database/Grants/2013/09/OPP1096382>.

—. “Leadership: Sue Desmond-Hellmann, Chief Executive Officer.” Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation. Seattle: Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation, 2015. Web. 29 June 2015. <http://www.gatesfoundation.org/Who-We-Are/General-Information/Leadership/Executive-Leadership-Team/Sue-Desmond-Hellman>.

—. “Leadership: William Gates Sr., Co-Chair.” Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation. Seattle: Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation, 2015. Web. 30 June 2015. <http://www.gatesfoundation.org/Who-We-Are/General-Information/Leadership/Executive-Leadership-Team/William-H-Gates-Sr>.

—. “Merck Contraceptive Implants.” Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation. Seattle: Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation, 20 June 2013. Web. May 2013. <http://www.gatesfoundation.org/How-We-Work/Quick-Links/Program-Related-Investments/Merck-Contraceptive-Implants>.

—. “Merck KGaA Grant: to Support Development and Registration of New Praziquantel Pediatric Formulation for the Treatment of Schistosomiasis.” Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation. Seattle: Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation, 20 June 2013. Web. 29 June 2015. <http://www.gatesfoundation.org/How-We-Work/Quick-Links/Grants-Database/Grants/2013/06/OPP1063223>.

—. “National Academy of Sciences Grant: to Complete a Study That Will Identify Critical Research and Development (R&D), Technologies, and Resource Needs for Research in the Field of Animal Agriculture, Both Nationally and Internationally (with Particular Focus on Sub-Saharan Africa and South Asia).” Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation. Seattle: Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation, 1 Nov. 2013. Web. 30 June 2015. <http://www.gatesfoundation.org/How-We-Work/Quick-Links/Grants-Database/Grants/2013/11/OPP1097068>.

—. “National Academy of Sciences Grant: to Conduct a Workshop(s) to Illuminate the Implications of the Global Food Price Crisis with Respect to Improving Maternal and Child Nutrition.” Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation. Seattle: Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation, 1 Dec. 2008. Web. 30 June 2015. <http://www.gatesfoundation.org/How-We-Work/Quick-Links/Grants-Database/Grants/2008/12/OPP51649>.

—. “National Academy of Sciences Grant: for Conference Support.” Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation. Seattle: Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation, 9 June 2010. Web. 30 June 2015. http://www.gatesfoundation.org/How-We-Work/Quick-Links/Grants-Database/Grants/2010/06/OPP1015286>.

—. “National Academy of Sciences Grant: to Convene Experts from the Public and Private Sector in Agricultural Development to Help Establish the Dimensions of the Food Security Challenge and Explore How to Sustainably Meet Growing Food Demands During the Coming Decades.” Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation. Seattle: Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation, 29 Apr. 2010. Web. 30 June 2015. <http://www.gatesfoundation.org/How-We-Work/Quick-Links/Grants-Database/Grants/2010/04/OPP1015316>.

—. “National Academy of Sciences Grant: to Convene an International Symposium on New Frontiers in Contraceptive Research.” Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation. Seattle: Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation, 20 Feb. 2003. Web. 30 June 2015. <http://www.gatesfoundation.org/How-We-Work/Quick-Links/Grants-Database/Grants/2003/02/OPP26509>.

—. “National Academy of Sciences Grant: to Develop a Strategic Approach for More Effective Use of Science and Technology in Addressing HIV/AIDS, Malaria, Tuberculosis, and Other Diseases.” Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation. Seattle: Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation, 1 Feb. 2004. Web. 30 June 2015. <http://www.gatesfoundation.org/How-We-Work/Quick-Links/Grants-Database/Grants/2004/02/OPP26725>.

—. “National Academy of Sciences Grant: to Enable African Scientific Communities to Provide Education in the Public Interest.” Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation. Seattle: Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation, 1 Mar. 2004. Web. 30 June 2015. <http://www.gatesfoundation.org/How-We-Work/Quick-Links/Grants-Database/Grants/2004/03/OPP31922>.

—. “National Academy of Sciences Grant: for General Operating Support.” Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation. Seattle: Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation, 1 June 2004. Web. 30 June 2015. <http://www.gatesfoundation.org/How-We-Work/Quick-Links/Grants-Database/Grants/2004/06/OPP34257>.

—. “National Academy of Sciences Grant: for General Operating Support.” Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation. Seattle: Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation, 23 Apr. 2003. Web. 30 June 2015. <http://www.gatesfoundation.org/How-We-Work/Quick-Links/Grants-Database/Grants/2003/04/OPP28312>.

—. “National Academy of Sciences Grant: for General Operating Support.” Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation. Seattle: Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation, 26 Aug. 2011. Web. 30 June 2015. <http://www.gatesfoundation.org/How-We-Work/Quick-Links/Grants-Database/Grants/2011/08/OPP1043453>.

—. “National Academy of Sciences Grant: for General Operating Support.” Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation. Seattle: Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation, 5 Aug. 1999. Web. 30 June 2015. <http://www.gatesfoundation.org/How-We-Work/Quick-Links/Grants-Database/Grants/1999/08/OPP157>.

—. “National Academy of Sciences Grant: for General Support.” Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation. Seattle: Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation, 10 Oct. 2002. Web. 30 June 2015. <http://www.gatesfoundation.org/How-We-Work/Quick-Links/Grants-Database/Grants/2002/10/OPP207_03>.

—. “National Academy of Sciences Grant: for General Support.” Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation. Seattle: Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation, 3 Oct. 2000. Web. 30 June 2015. <http://www.gatesfoundation.org/How-We-Work/Quick-Links/Grants-Database/Grants/2000/10/OPP207_01>.

—. “National Academy of Sciences Grant: for General Support.” Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation. Seattle: Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation, 3 Oct. 2001. Web. 30 June 2015. <http://www.gatesfoundation.org/How-We-Work/Quick-Links/Grants-Database/Grants/2001/10/OPP207_02>.

—. “National Academy of Sciences Grant: for General Support.” Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation. Seattle: Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation, 4 Oct. 1999. Web. 30 June 2015. <http://www.gatesfoundation.org/How-We-Work/Quick-Links/Grants-Database/Grants/1999/10/OPP207>.

—. “National Academy of Sciences Grant: to Hold a Two-Day Expert Meeting to Assess the Scientific Issues Associated with the Public Health Use of DDT to Prevent Malaria.” Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation. Seattle: Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation, 15 Feb. 2004. Web. 30 June 2015. <http://www.gatesfoundation.org/How-We-Work/Quick-Links/Grants-Database/Grants/2004/02/OPP31881>.

—. “National Academy of Sciences Grant: to Identify New Scientific Knowledge and Promising Technology with the Potential to Transform the Production Capabilities of Farmers in Sub-Saharan Africa and South Asia.” Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation. Seattle: Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation, 1 Dec. 2006. Web. 30 June 2015. <http://www.gatesfoundation.org/How-We-Work/Quick-Links/Grants-Database/Grants/2006/12/OPP43651>.

—. “National Academy of Sciences Grant: to Improve the Likelihood of Identifying Efficacious, Safe, Affordable and Acceptable HIV Prevention Interventions in Developing Countries by Recommending Approaches to Address Emerging Methodological Challenges in HIV Prevention Trials.” Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation. Seattle: Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation, 1 Oct. 2006. Web. 30 June 2015. <http://www.gatesfoundation.org/How-We-Work/Quick-Links/Grants-Database/Grants/2006/10/OPP43580>.

—. “National Academy of Sciences Grant: to Plan and Convene a Two-Day Public Workshop on ‘Lessons Learned in the Conduct of Large Scale, Complex, Multi-National Global Health Program Evaluations.’” Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation. Seattle: Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation, 2 July 2013. Web. 30 June 2015. <http://www.gatesfoundation.org/How-We-Work/Quick-Links/Grants-Database/Grants/2013/07/OPP1084537>.

—. “National Academy of Sciences Grant: to Prevent HIV Infection among Injecting Drug Users in High Risk Countries.” Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation. Seattle: Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation, 1 Oct. 2005. Web. 30 June 2015. <http://www.gatesfoundation.org/How-We-Work/Quick-Links/Grants-Database/Grants/2005/10/OPP39417>.

—. “National Academy of Sciences Grant: to Pull Together Leaders in the Fields of Educational Scholarship, Practice, Research, Policymaking, and Entrepreneurship to Frame a Program of Regular Reviews of Learning Technology Research.” Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation. Seattle: Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation, 1 Dec. 2011. Web. 30 June 2015. <http://www.gatesfoundation.org/How-We-Work/Quick-Links/Grants-Database/Grants/2011/12/OPP1045243>.

—. “National Academy of Sciences Grant: to Support the Appointment of a Committee of Experts to Conduct a Workshop to Assess the Determinants of the Slow Fertility Transition in Sub-Saharan Africa.” Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation. Seattle: Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation, 29 July 2014. Web. 30 June 2015. <http://www.gatesfoundation.org/How-We-Work/Quick-Links/Grants-Database/Grants/2014/07/OPP1108017>.

—. “National Academy of Sciences Grant: Support for a Case Study Convening by the National Academies of Sciences to Explore the Relationship Between Homelessness and Health Care Reform, and Potential New Opportunities for Synergy.” Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation. Seattle: Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation, 10 July 2014. Web. 30 June 2015. http://www.gatesfoundation.org/How-We-Work/Quick-Links/Grants-Database/Grants/2014/07/OPP1113168>.

—. “National Academy of Sciences Grant: to Support the John. R. LaMontagne Memorial Symposium on Pandemic Influenza Research.” Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation. Seattle: Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation, 12 May 2005. Web. 30 June 2015. <http://www.gatesfoundation.org/search#q/k=%22national%20academy%20of%20sciences%22%20grant&page=3>.

—. “National Academy of Sciences Grant: to Support Launch of the Strategic Education Research Partnership.” Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation. Seattle: Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation, 1 Oct. 2003. Web. 30 June 2015. <http://www.gatesfoundation.org/How-We-Work/Quick-Links/Grants-Database/Grants/2003/10/OPP30005>.

—. “National Academy of Sciences Grant: to Support a Meeting to Maximize the Impact of New and Established Antimalarial Drugs While Postponing the Development of Drug Resistance.” Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation. Seattle: Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation, 20 Feb. 2003. Web. 30 June 2015. <http://www.gatesfoundation.org/How-We-Work/Quick-Links/Grants-Database/Grants/2003/02/OPP25803>.

—. “National Academy of Sciences Grant: to Support a Meeting to Provide Expert Guidance for the Scale up of Antiretroviral Treatment Programs in Order to Minimize Drug Resistance and Maximize the Benefits to the Populations under Care.” Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation. Seattle: Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation, 1 Feb. 2004. Web. 30 June 2015. <http://www.gatesfoundation.org/How-We-Work/Quick-Links/Grants-Database/Grants/2004/02/OPP32467>.

—. “National Academy of Sciences Grant: to Support a National Website to Promote and Disseminate Leading National Indicators on Education and Workforce Outcomes.” Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation. Seattle: Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation, 13 Aug. 2010. Web. 30 June 2015. <http://www.gatesfoundation.org/How-We-Work/Quick-Links/Grants-Database/Grants/2010/08/OPP1018531>.

—. “National Academy of Sciences Grant: to Support a Study and Report Regarding the Appropriate Protections for Subjects in Behavioral, Social, and Educational Research.” Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation. Seattle: Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation, 17 Apr. 2013. Web. 30 June 2015. <http://www.gatesfoundation.org/How-We-Work/Quick-Links/Grants-Database/Grants/2013/04/OPP1085774>.

—. “National Academy of Sciences Grant: to Support a Study That Will Generate an Updated Report on the Science Behind Sustainable Agricultural Practices, and the Factors Important for the Adoption and Scaling of Sustainable Farming Systems.” Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation. Seattle: Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation, 1 June 2007. Web. 30 June 2015. <http://www.gatesfoundation.org/How-We-Work/Quick-Links/Grants-Database/Grants/2007/06/OPP48042>.

—. “National Academy of Sciences Grant: to Support the Update of the National Research Council’s Report on Advances in Learning.” Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation. Seattle: Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation, 14 Oct. 2014. Web. 30 June 2015. <http://www.gatesfoundation.org/How-We-Work/Quick-Links/Grants-Database/Grants/2014/10/OPP1110470>.

—. “National Academy of Sciences Grant: to Update the Case for Global Health Investment by Governments, Multinational Industries, Universities, and Civil Society Organizations.” Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation. Seattle: Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation, 1 Nov. 2007. Web. 30 June 2015. <http://www.gatesfoundation.org/How-We-Work/Quick-Links/Grants-Database/Grants/2007/11/OPP43531>.

—. “Partners HealthCare Systems Inc. Grant: to Strategize with Key Stakeholders on Ways to Invest in Health Technologies Which Address Diseases of the Poor in the Developing World.” Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation. Seattle: Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation, 21 May 2005. Web. 29 June 2015. <http://www.gatesfoundation.org/search#q/k=%22partners%20healthcare%20systems%22>.

—. “Population Council Grant: to Accelerate the Uptake and Application of Evidence Supporting Family Planning/HIV Integration into Policy and Practice in Sub-Saharan Africa.” Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation. Seattle: Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation, 11 Oct. 2013. Web. 9 Nov. 2012. <http://www.gatesfoundation.org/How-We-Work/Quick-Links/Grants-Database/Grants/2013/10/OPP1084454>.

—. “Population Council Grant: to Begin Testing of Carraguard, the Leading Candidate Microbicide.” Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation. Seattle: Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation, 1 Apr. 2002. Web. 9 Nov. 2012. <http://www.gatesfoundation.org/How-We-Work/Quick-Links/Grants-Database/Grants/2002/04/OPP18057>.

—. “Population Council Grant: to Develop an Implementation Science Strategy for the DREAMS Initiative of U.S. President’s Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR) to Provide Evidence to Improve the Lives of Adolescent Girls and Young Women in Sub-Saharan Africa.” Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation. Seattle: Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation, 21 Jan. 2015. Web. 9 Nov. 2012. <http://www.gatesfoundation.org/How-We-Work/Quick-Links/Grants-Database/Grants/2015/01/OPP1127036>.

—. “Population Council Grant: to Develop Microbicides to Protect Women from HIV/AIDS.” Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation. Seattle: Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation, 1 June 1998. Web. 9 Nov. 2012. <http://www.gatesfoundation.org/How-We-Work/Quick-Links/Grants-Database/Grants/1998/06/OPP42>.

—. “Population Council Grant: to Develop and Test the Acceptability of a Vaginal Ring Technology Aimed at Expanding Contraceptive Choice, Improving Maternal and Newborn Health, and Building Relationships with Private and Public Sector Stakeholders.” Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation. Seattle: Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation, 17 Oct. 2011. Web. 9 Nov. 2012. <http://www.gatesfoundation.org/How-We-Work/Quick-Links/Grants-Database/Grants/2011/10/OPP1032031>.

—. “Population Council Grant: to Develop, Test, and Distribute Vaginal Microbicides.” Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation. Seattle: Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation, 19 Aug. 1999. Web. 11 Apr. 2014. <http://www.gatesfoundation.org/How-We-Work/Quick-Links/Grants-Database/Grants/1999/08/OPP32>.

—. “Population Council Grant: to Evaluate Whether, and to What Extent, Structural Barriers Can Be Reduced through Community Organizations and an Integrated Set of Interventions Combining Crisis Response, Financial Inclusion, Ensuring Social Entitlements, and Sustained Community Organizations in Order to Decrease Vulnerability and HIV Risk.” Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation. Seattle: Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation, 8 Aug. 2014. Web. 11 Apr. 2014. <http://www.gatesfoundation.org/How-We-Work/Quick-Links/Grants-Database/Grants/2014/08/OPP1110266>.

—. “Population Council Grant: to Promote Evidence-Based Decision-Making for Implementing Maternal, Neonatal, and Child Health Programs for Poor Populations in India.” Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation. Seattle: Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation, 1 Nov. 2008. Web. 11 Apr. 2014. <http://www.gatesfoundation.org/How-We-Work/Quick-Links/Grants-Database/Grants/2008/11/OPP51879>.

—. “Population Council Grant: to Provide Evidence-Based Research for the Implementation of Effective, Affordable, and Replicable Interventions for the HIV/AIDS Program in India.” Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation. Seattle: Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation, 15 Dec. 2005. Web. 11 Apr. 2014. <http://www.gatesfoundation.org/How-We-Work/Quick-Links/Grants-Database/Grants/2005/12/OPP29868>.

—. “Population Council Grant: to Reduce Non-Viral STIs in Latin America through New and Existing Technologies.” Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation. Seattle: Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation, 1 Sep. 2002. Web. 11 Apr. 2014. <http://www.gatesfoundation.org/How-We-Work/Quick-Links/Grants-Database/Grants/2002/09/OPP20744>.

—. “Population Council Grant: to Reduce the Number of Unintended Pregnancies though [sic] a Number of Interventions Designed to Increase the Average Age at First Birth in Developing Countries.” Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation. Seattle: Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation, 1 June 1998. Web. 11 Apr. 2014. <http://www.gatesfoundation.org/How-We-Work/Quick-Links/Grants-Database/Grants/1998/06/OPP43>.

—. “Population Council Grant: to Support Adolescent Health and Development in Developing Countries.” Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation. Seattle: Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation, 29 Nov. 2001. Web. 9 Nov. 2012. <http://www.gatesfoundation.org/How-We-Work/Quick-Links/Grants-Database/Grants/2001/11/OPP10970>.

—. “Population Council Grant: to Support a Comprehensive Evaluation of the Output Based AID Approach to Increasing Access to Reproductive Health Services in Kenya, Uganda and Tanzania.” Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation. Seattle: Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation, 1 Nov. 2008. Web. 11 Apr. 2014. <http://www.gatesfoundation.org/How-We-Work/Quick-Links/Grants-Database/Grants/2008/11/OPP51761>.

—. “Population Council Grant: to Support the Knowledge Network of Research and Documentation of Best Practices through Formal Evaluation, Knowledge Building, and Documentation/Dissemination from the Avahan Live Laboratory.” Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation. Seattle: Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation, 13 Nov. 2009. Web. 9 Nov. 2012. <http://www.gatesfoundation.org/How-We-Work/Quick-Links/Grants-Database/Grants/2009/11/OPPGH5179>.

—. “Population Council Grant: to Support the Peter J. Donaldson Fund to Support Research to Address Critical Health and Development Issues.” Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation. Seattle: Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation, 5 Dec. 2014. Web. 9 Nov. 2012. <http://www.gatesfoundation.org/How-We-Work/Quick-Links/Grants-Database/Grants/2014/12/OPP1125946>.

—. “Population Council Grant: to Support Research on Family Planning Traditions and Changes in Burkina Faso and Ghana.” Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation. Seattle: Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation, 10 Apr. 1998. Web. 11 Apr. 2014. <http://www.gatesfoundation.org/How-We-Work/Quick-Links/Grants-Database/Grants/1998/04/OPP41>.

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World According to Monsanto. Dir. Marie-Monique Robin. Prod. Image & Compagnie, Productions Thalie in Coproduction with Arte France, the National Film Board of Canada and WDR. Yes! Books, 2008. Film. Online video. Top Documentary Films. TDF, n.d. Web. 30 June 2015. <http://topdocumentaryfilms.com/the-world-according-to-monsanto/>.

John Klyczek
John Klyczek has an MA in English and is a college English instructor. His research concentrates on the history of global eugenics and Aldous Huxley’s dystopic novel, Brave New World.